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|Reading Comprehension: Inferences
|Many "critical reading" questions have a key word in the
question stem to identify the type of question. Inference
questions can be identified by several key words: implies,
suggests, concludes, infers, derives, excerpts. If you are
able to identify these, you can easily choose the answer.
Example: After a paragraph about the derivation of American cowboy
terms from Spanish terms, e.g., lasso, lariat, stampede, a question asks
what can be concluded about the contribution of Mexican cowboys:
(A) Mexican cattle
(B) the Spanish language
(C) methods of handling cattle
(D) money to buy ranches
(E) jobs for Americans
Solution: The key word “conclude” indicates an inference question.
Consider the possible answer choices:
(A) Mexican cattle does not follow from information about cowboy terms.
(B) the Spanish language is an over-generalization.
(C) methods of handling cattle is a warranted inference.
(D) money to buy ranches does not follow from information about terms.
(E) jobs for Americans does not follow from information about terms.
SAT TIP: When you answer inference questions, be sure
the answers are warranted by information in the selection!
Practice with these examples:
An easy passage for scores from 200 to 400
A moderate passage for scores from 400 to 600
A difficult passage for scores from 600 to 800
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| Reading fluency is the most important key to success on the SAT,
but there are also strategies to help you choose the correct answer.
|SAT TIP: Read the question stems
carefully to identify the key words.
|Questions? Write the SATtutor@SATpreparation.net